Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage.
Every individual has his value. He has virtues and qualities which need appreciation by those who come in his contact. A true appreciation by those who come in his contact and unbiased but while evaluating a person there is nothing wrong in offering just praise.Just praise is debt and it should be duly paid at the right moment. If it is not paid, the debt stand and the person not praised feel offended.
Flatter is, however, a different phenomenon. It is more on the plus side than just an equation of a personality. By its very definition, it connotes something beyond deserving. It is, however, by the person to whom it is tendered. When a person is given praise beyond what he deserves, he naturally relishes such an appreciation. This is called flattery. Since it is offered when it is not obligatory on the part of the person offering it, it is termed as present. In day-to-day human relations, flattery plays an important part. It wins new friends and deepens old friendships. One most beautiful thing about flattery is that it does not cost in financial terms, yet as a present it is as valuable as any, precious gift of kind. Sweet words, appropriately used, go a long way in building friendly relations.
Thus our social behaviour when guided by the advice tendered in the statement of this paragraph is likely to make us popular. We are obliged to appreciate the good points of our friends and relations but if we present them with flattering words, even if they are beyond what they deserve, we are gainers in human relations.
1. According to the writer “just praise” is:

Q 1 to 4 are based on the following passage.
The great Caliph led a very simple life. His standard of living was in no case higher than that of an ordinary man. Once the Governor of Kufa visited him, while he was taking the meal comprising barely bread and olive oil. The Governor said, “Amir UlMomineen enough wheat is produced in your dominions why don’t you take wheat bread? Feeling somewhat offended the Caliph asked him in a melancholy tone “Do you think that wheat is available to each and every person in my vast Dominions”? “No”, replied the Governor “Then how can I take wheat bread, unless it is available to all of my people”? Added the Caliph.
1. What kind of life did the Caliph live?