Lecturer Biology Sample MCQs Paper

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa public service commission (KPPSC)

Lecturer / Subject Specialist Biology Sample MCQs Paper

Roll No:              

SUBJECT: BIOLOGY (B-17) IN Higher EDUCATION DEPARTMENT

Time: 1 hour 30 minute

DIRECTION: Each of the questions below is followed by four suggested answers. Select the one that is BEST in each case and shade your choose option A, B, C or D.

NOTE:

  • CANDIDATES ARE ADVISED TO CHECK HIS / HER QUESTION BOOK BEFORE THE START OF TEST & REPORT ANY MISS-PRINTING, PAGE MISSING OR QUESTION MISSING TO INVIGILATOR.
  • NO NEGATIVE MARKING.
  • CALCULATORS ARE NOT ALLOWED.
  • PLEASE DON’T WRITE OVER THE BOOKLET AND RETURN IT TO THE EXAM: STAFF BEFORE LEAVING THE EXAM: HALL. OTHERWISE YOU WILL BE DISQUALIFIED FROM THE TEST.

SELECT THE BEST ANSWER FOR FOLLOWING QUESTIONS:

1 The scientific study of livings is called?
A. Anatomy B. Biology
C. Geology D. Zoology
2 The word “BIOLOGY” has been derived from __________ word?
A. Latin B. English
C. Greek D. French
3 According to modern system of taxonomy, living organisms have been classified into?
A. Three Kingdoms B. Five Kingdoms
C. Two Kingdoms D. Six Kingdoms
4 Kingdom Protoctista includes __________?
A. Fungi B. Prokaryotes
C. Protists D. Piantae
5 Kingdom Fungi includes __________?
A. A cellular, eukaryotic organisms B. Non-chlorophylls, multicellular eukaiyotlc organisms
C. Non-chlorophylls, multioellular, thailophytic organisms D. Chlorophyllus, multicellular, eukaryotic Organisms
6 Earthworm is included in __________?
A. Kingdom Plantae B. Kingdom Protoctista
C. Kingdom Monera D. Kingdom Animalia
7 The Study of organisms inhabiting the sea and Ocean and the physical and chemical characteristics of their environment is:
A. Social Biology B. Marine Biology
C. Environmental Biology D. Fresh Water Biology
8 The branch of Biology which deals with the use of data and techniques of engineering & technology concerning living organisms is:
A. Human Biology B. Environmental Biology
C. Genetics D. Bio-technology
9 The branch in which organism’s life cycle, mode of transmission and interaction with their hosts are studied is:
A. Anatomy B. Physiology
C. Parasitology D. Social Biology
10 The molecules of living matter that provide building blocks are mostly based on:
A. Carbon B. Nitrogen
C. Hydrogen D. Ammonia
11 Human blood is an example of __________?
A. Organelle B. Tissues
C. Organic compound D. Inorganic compounds
12 With different chemical arrangements and formation Of complex molecules, the life emerges on the level of the?
A. Cells B. Tissues
C. Organs D. Organ System
13 Organelles are __________?
A. Unicellular structures B. Multi-cellular structures
C. Sub-cellular structures D. Non-cellular structures
14 Functional unit of DNA is __________?
A. Nucleus B. Genes
C. Chromosomes D. Nucleolus
15 Various tissue types combine to make up __________?
A. Cells B. Organs
C. Organ System D. Organelles
16 Two or more populations of different species living and interacting in the same area form:
A. Biosphere B. Community
C. Population System D. Ecosystem
17 A group of similar cells that perform a specific function is:
A. Organ B. Tissues
C. Organelle D. Organ System
18 Which of the following is an example of “molecule”?
A. Chloroplast B. A Nerve Cell
C. DNA D. Hydrogen
19 A group of very similar inter breeding organisms constitutes?
A. Biosphere B. Ecosystem
C. Population D. Species
20 Members of one species inhabiting the same are form __________?
A. Species B. Community
C. Ecosystem D. Population
21 On the basis of collected facts and figures, a scientist formulates a factitive statement called:
A. Observation B. Research work
C. Hypothesis D. Inductive Reasoning
22 Robert Hooke discovered __________?
A. Nucleus B. Mitochondria
C. Cell D. DNA
23 Steps Involved in scientific method are?
A. Hypothesis – Accumulated data –observation & experimentation –conclusion B. New data — Conclusion — Accumulated data — Observation & experimentation
C. Accumulated data – New data – Observation & experimentation – Hypothesis – Conclusion D. Accumulated data — Hypothesis –Observation & experimentation — New data — Conclusion
24 Malaria is associated with __________?
A. Culex Mosquito B. Culiesta Mosquito
C. Anopheles Mosquito D. Culex & Anopheles Mosquito
25 Biologist ‘Grass’ discovered the life cycle of plasmodium in __________?
A. 1896 B. 1897
C. 1898 D. 1899
26 The first antibiotic to be discovered was __________?
A. Penicillin B. Cephalosporin
C. Amino glycosides D. Erythromycin
27 Immunization by vaccination was first introduced by?
A. Fleming in 1945 B. Florey & Chain in 1975
C. Flore & Chain in 1795 D. Edward Jenner in 1795
28 The science of growing terrestrial plants in an aerated solution is __________?
A. Hydrodynamics B. Hydroponics
C. Hydroponics D. None of them
29 An educated guess is called:
A. Accumulated Data B. Observation
C. Hypothesis D. Conclusion
30 Dolly, the sheep was a highly successful clone from a somatic cell, reported back in __________?
A. 1993 B. 1994
C. 1995 D. 1996
31 Crop rotation helps in __________?
A. Growth of pathogens B. Soil Infertility
C. Slowing of crops growth D. Eradication of disease
32 People living in high altitudes (like mountains) usually have a __________?
A. smaller number of Red Blood Cells B. larger number of Red Blood Cells
C. smaller number of White Blood

Cells

D. larger number of White Blood Cells
33 Which character differentiates living things from non-living organisms?
A. They live in the same ecosystem. B. They are highly organized and complex made of one or more cells and contain genetic material
C. They are acted upon by the same environment D. Both a and b
34 Which Vitamin is needed for the formation of a light-sensitive pigment in the retina?
A. Vitamin A B. Vitamin C
C. Vitamin D D. B complex
35 The average internal temperature of human body is __________?
A. 35oC B. 36oC
C. 37oC D. 38oC
36 The study of fossils is called?
A. Environmental Biology B. Historical biology
C. Palaeontology D. Social biology
37 About __________ of the body weight of a mammal is water?
A. 60% B. 65%
C. 70% D. 75%
38 The experiments on DNA molecules in chromosomes for knowing the basis of inherited diseases are conducted by?
A. Molecular biologists B. Microbiologists
C. Freshwater biologists D. Social biologist
39 On wound __________ fight foreign particles, like bacteria?
A. White Blood cells B. Red Blood Cells
C. Platelets D. Plasma
40 Synthetic insulin from pork was formed by which technique?
A. Biotechnology B. Social biological techniques
C. Parasitology D. Both a and c
41 Blood is carried towards the heart by __________?
A. Arteries B. Capillaries
C. Veins D. none of these
42 The branch of biology which deals with the study of social behavior and communal life of human beings living in any environment is called?
A. Environmental biology B. Social biology
C. Human biology D. Both b and c
43 __________ is essential for the formation of hemoglobin.
A. Calcium B. Iron
C. Water D. Carbohydrates
44 Out of 92 naturally occurring chemical elements how many are considered as bio-elements?
A. 6 B. 16
C. 26 D. 15
45 __________ are needed as a source of energy for the vital activities of the body?
A. Calcium B. Iron
C. Water D. Carbohydrates
46 Oxygen accounts for __________% of totals human body mass?
A. 65% B. 18%
C. 10% D. 3%
47 The atoms of different elements combine with each other through ionic or covalent bonding to produce compounds this stable form is called:
A. An organ B. A molecule
C. Tissue D. Both a and c
48 Which one of them is a micro-molecule?
A. Polysaccharide B. Protein
C. Hemoglobin D. ATP
49 A structure formed by groups of similar cells organized into loose sheets or bundles performing similar functions is called as:
A. An organ B. An organism
C. A Tissue D. A Cell
50 Haemodialysis means cleaning of __________?
A. Urine B. Blood
C. Glomerular filterate D. Coelomic fluid
51 In animals coordination is achieved by means of?
A. Nervous system B. Endocrine system
C. Respiratory system D. Both A and B
52 Production of sweat and sebum is related with?
A. Skin B. Liver
C. Lungs D. GIT
53 Group of living organisms of the same species living in the same place at the same time is called?
A. Community B. Population
C. Ecosystem D. Biome
54 The evaporative cooling in the respiratory tract of dogs is called?
A. Vasodilation B. Vasoconstriction
C. Panting D. All of these
55 Different species of plants and animals living in the same habitat is called?
A. Population B. Community
C. Biome D. Habitat
56 Which of the following pathogen type cause disease that can be treated with antibiotics?
A. Bacteria B. Fungi
C. Virus D. none of these
57 A large regional community primarily determined by climate is called?
A. Population B. Community
C. Biome D. Habitat
58 Most cell membranes are composed principally of?
A. DNA ad protein B. Protein and Lipids
C. Protein and Chitin D. Protein and RNA
59 The concept that various organisms dominated this planet during various geological time period and thus placing organisms in a time sequence came from the studies by?
A. Environmental biologist B. Paleontologist
C. Marine biologist D. Social biologist
60 Normally, in the process of osmosis, the net flow of water molecules into or out of the cell depends upon differences in the?
A. Concentration of water molecules inside and outside the cell B. Concentration of enzymes on either side of the cell membrane
C. Rate of molecular motion on either side of the cell membrane D. None of these
61 An unbroken series of species arranged in ancestors to descendent sequence with each later species having evolved from one that immediately preceded it is called?
A. Biome B. Phyletic lineage
C. Community D. Population
62 Proteins are made from amino acids by the process of ?
A. Hydrolysis B. Pinocytosis
C. Dehydration synthesis D. Active transport
63 Biological sciences have a set methodology and it is based on?
A. Experimental inquiry B. Esthetic preference
C. Philosophical ideas D. Imaginations
64 Which is an organic compound found in most cells?
A. Water B. Glucose
C. Oxygen D. Sodium chloride
65 A series of hypothesis supported by the results of many tests is called?
A. Scientific law B. Theory
C. Data D. Deduction
66 Which are the four most abundant elements in living cells?
A. carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur B. carbon, oxygen,                hydrogen, nitrogen
C. carbon, oxygen,                sulfur,

phosphorus

D. carbon, sulfur,   hydrogen,

magnesium

67 Which one is not correct for a productive theory?
A. It is predictive B. It has explanatory power
C. It discourages suggestion of different hypotheses D. None of these
68 Conclusion of Mendels work latter became a __________?
A. Scientific hypothesis B. Theory
C. Scientific law D. Productive theory
69 Starch is converted into maltose by?
A. Diastase B. Invertase
C. Maltase D. Amylase
70 Breeders have developed new and better varieties of food items by using which technique?
A. Pasteurization B. Hydroponic culture technique
C. Genetic engineering D. Biological control techniques
71 Co-enzyme is often formed from?
A. Lipid B. Protein
C. inorganic ion D. Vitamin
72 Production of genetically identical copies of organisms/cells by asexula reproduction is called?
A. Mitosis B. Replication
C. Cloning D. Biological control
73 Messenger RNA is formed in __________?
A. Nucleus B. Chloroplast
C. Mitochondria D. none of these
74 Astronauts may use which technique to grow fruits and vegetables?
A. Tissue culture techniques B. Cloning
C. Pasterisation D. Hydroponic culture technique
75 Number of chromosomes in E.coli?
A. 1 B. 2
C. 4 D. 6
76 Which statement is incorrect for pasteurization?
A. It is used to preserve yogurt and milk B. It was developed by Louis Pasteur.
C. It involves heating the substance at high temperature for just few

sec.

D. It can be used to preserve vegetables and meat.
77 Protein factory is __________?
A. Nucleus B. Ribosome
C. golgi complex D. Centriole
78 What is the mode of transmission of Hepatitis virus?
A. Aerosol B. Parentral (via blood)
C. Skin penetration D. Unknown
79 Smallest disease causing agents in plants are?
A. Virion B. Mycoplasma
C. Viroids D. Prions
80 Which disease can be controlled by vaccination?
A. Measles B. Cancer
C. Diabetes D. Heart attack
81 The major cell infected by the HIV is lymphocyte?
A. helper-T B. B
C. both T and B D. none of these
82 Vaccine was first developed by __________?
A. Louis Pasture B. Edward Jenner
C. Jaber Ibn Hayan D. Aristotle
83 Pigment present in red algae is __________?
A. Fucoxanthin B. Phycocyanin
C. Phycoerythrin D. Bilirubin
84 Which disease has been totally eradicated from the world because of effective vaccination?
A. Measles B. Polio
C. Small pox D. Hepatitis
85 Nutrition in fungi is __________?
A. Photosynthetic B. Chemosynthetic
C. Completely parasitic D. Absorptive heterotrophs
86 Which of the following statement is incorrect about antibiotics?
A. Used     They      are         used      against microorganisms B. They are always effective against bacteria
C. They are used in diseases like

tuberculosis and pneumonia

D. They are derived from bacteria only
87 Fungi resemble plants because they lack __________?
A. Cell wall B. Cytoplasm
C. Centriole D. Nucleus
88 Which treatment is instituted in a cancerous patient?
A. Antibiotic therapy B. Radiotherapy
C. Gene therapy D. None of these
89 Which is a parasitic plant?
A. Cuscuta B. Rose
C. Ferns D. Mosses
90 Which statement is incorrect for cloning?
A. The nucleus of a fertilized egg is replaced by the nucleus from the cell of a fully developed individual B. Division of a single egg into one or more separate embryos.
C. The individual is the mirror image of the parent organism D. It             involve methods              of                sexual reproduction
91 True roots absent in __________?
A. Ferns B. Bryophytes
C. Gymnosperms D. Angiosperms
92 Removal or degradation of environmental pollutants or toxic materials by living organisms is called __________?
A. Integrated disease management B. Hydroponic culture technique
C. Pasteurization D. Bioremediation
93 The mechanism for ATP synthesis is __________?
A. Chemosynthesis B. Photosynthesis
C. Phosphorylation D. Chemiosmosis
94 Which of the following is not a viral disease?
A. Cowpox B. Mumps
C. Tetanus D. Small pox
95 Enzyme present in the saliva is __________?
A. Lipase B. Trypsin
C. Ptyalin D. Invertase
96 In human body 99% of total mass is formed of __________?
A. 16 Bio-elements B. 12 Bio-elements
C. 10 Bio-elements D. 6 Bio-elements
97 Nitrogen is present in __________?
A. Carbohydrates B. Proteins
C. Lipids D. Carbonates
98 Biological organization is __________?
A. Simple B. Advance
C. Complex D. highly complex
99 Operculum is present in __________?
A. bony fish B. sea fish
C. cartilaginous fish D. none of these
100 The arrangement of __________ speaks of the division of labour within cell?
A. Molecule B. Subatomic particles
C. Atoms D. Organelles